When you run out of arable land in a crowded city environment, the concept of using advanced hydroponic techniques would be the solution. Advanced hydroponics technique involves the mass cultivation of plants and animal life for commercial purpose in skyscrapers. Using advanced hydroponics technique such as vertical farming the skyscrapers can produce flowers, fruits, vegetables, and fish in abundance. Statistics show that world’s population is expected to increase to 9.1 billion by 2050 and in that case conventional farming practices will not be able to produce sufficient food for all. Vertical farming has become popular over the last few years because of its many benefits, such as:
- Vertical farming can ensure crop production throughout the year even in non-tropical regions.
- In vertical farming, since the crops can be grown under controlled environment, you can protect them from extreme climate conditions such as droughts and floods.
- The advantages of this advanced hydroponic technique can be further explained by large scale production of organic crops. The controlled growing conditions will help to reduce the use of chemical pesticides.
- The vertical farming technology uses 70 percent lesser water than normal agriculture. You can recycle and use urban wastes like black water for farming inside the building.
- It is an environment friendly method of farming that abolishes the use of mechanical equipments and decreases the burning of fossil fuel by reducing air pollution to a greater extent.
- This concept of high-rise farming reduces the occupational hazards such as exposure to infectious disease and poisonous chemicals related to traditional, horizontal farming.
It is a kind of multi-stored green house with which you can convert a relatively large area of land into a farming zone. The technology of vertical farming can provide more employment to the rural populace too in the coming years.