Hydroponic growing is an easy way of saving space in your garden and money on grocery bill. Tomatoes can be easily grown through using the hydroponic technology and setting your hydroponic garden requires relatively less knowledge as compared to traditional gardening. For this technique, soil is not the cause for successful crop growth; you only required water filled nutrients for effective plant growth. Hydroponic technology is vital for urban or indoor gardening. Here are top guidelines that you need to follow to grow hydroponic tomatoes.
Seedling: If you’re planning to grow tomatoes from seeds, make sure to give your seedlings a proper room to spread or branch out. Close conditions can slow down their growth and hence transplant them as the seedlings get its first real leaves out. Almost after two weeks, you can move them to different but bigger pots for easy plant development. You need to carefully choose the tomato seeds based on varied considerations such as disease resistance, plant size, harvest time and organic seed.
Lights: Light requirements depend on different types of gardening. If you’re planning for outdoor gardening then a proper daylight exposure to the plant will be fruitful. For indoor gardening, you need specific grow lights which are not very harsh on your plant and give appropriate lighting to grow. Tomato plants require strong and direct light of maximum 18 hours a day. Your plant should be placed certain inches away from the grow lights. To get productive result, try planting in the outdoor area with good sunlight.
Fan: It is necessary to put a fan on your sapling. Your tomato plants want to move or swing in the breeze, to build strong stems. You can provide gentle wind by using fan in your garden for 5 to 10 minutes two times a day. The fan provides accurate heat balance in the grow room.
Containers: For saving space for hydroponic tomatoes, you can use plastic bags in plant pots. This will help you decide which size you want to grow as per your needs. Based on your pot and bin size, cut holes to position your pots inside it. Ensure that you use thick solid pins to create holes; this will help you prevent light from coming inside the bins.
Support: Growing medium is a useful element for hydroponic gardening. You can use growing media like organic husk, gravel or sand, this can ensure your plant grow upright and provides strong support to your plants.
System: Hydroponic technology works on several systems such as the wick system, Ebb & Flow system, water culture, Drip culture, aeroponics and N.F.T. system. This all system works well for hydroponic tomatoes and give better result. Water culture system reuses the water nutrients and hence save your water.
Nutrients: For growing tomatoes, you need the exact quantity of nutrients to mix with water solution. Before choosing the nutrient solution, you need to properly check the pH level and other minerals needed for growing. An nutrient solution should be rich in phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen as we do not use soil in hydroponic, this all elements needs to provided through the nutrient solution. Make sure that your nutrient mix does not contain any chemical ingredients that can cause side effects to plants in the future.
Pruning: Once your tomato length is 3’ tall, you should remove the bottom leaves. Bottom leaves are the first leaves that are easily prone to fungus and other pests because they get very less amount of sun. Remove the unwanted branches from the plant as such parts does not bear any fruit and take all energy and nutrients from the plant.
You can start with small hydroponic method to avoid using lots of space. Growing tomatoes hydroponically can help improve environmental conditions and it’s a great way of space saving to grow hydro garden. Such type of garden techniques is beneficial for those who lives in urban areas and lacks place for gardening.